A late menstrual period can cause two situations; Extreme panic, nervousness, stress or extreme happiness. If you are in the first group of women then this is not a comfortable feeling at all. There are many reasons why your period might be late, and pregnancy is not the only one. There are a lot of other factors that affect the menstruation and can cause a late menstrual period, which is crucial in order to have a good reproduction health.
These are the causes of a late menstrual period:
- Stress – Stress affects the hormones in our body and can delay the ovulation, therefore the menstruation as well. Big life changes, lifestyle changes, and stressful events (moving, divorce, problems at work, death or sickness) might all affect the cortisol level which is a stress hormone in our body that affects the hormone secretion of the estrogen and progesterone hormones. Change of hormone levels may delay the menstrual period.
- Drastic body weight changes – If you are on some food restrictions that might be a reason why your period is late. Same thing happens if you gained a lot of weight in a short period of time. Fast and significant body weight changes can cause a hormone imbalance in our body and therefore affect the menstrual period. Chances of having a late period rise as you are obese or have low weight.
- Eating disorders – Some conditions such as bulimia or anorexia can be a huge factor of having a late period.
- Too much working out – Workout has so many healthy benefits and it might sound a little odd when you read that it can be a reason of a late period. If you are a woman, you must know that this can seriously affect the menstrual period. Physical stress caused by working out hard can cause a hormone imbalance. It is a chain reaction that happens in our body. Late menstrual periods happen often to women athletes, body builders…
- Age – There are two periods in a women’s lifetime when menstrual periods might be late:
- Puberty – Late or irregular menstrual periods are characteristic in the time of adolescence. First menstrual periods are often late ore irregular. Some time they start earlier, other time they finish later. At some cases, a couple of years are needed to balance the hormones and have a regular menstrual period.
- Pre – menopause / menopause – If you have an irregular menstrual period it might be a sign of a menopause. The transition from pre – menopause to menopause is often characterized with irregular and unexpected menstrual periods. Menopause shows 12 months after the last menstruation.
- Health conditions such as:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Thyroid disorders
- Sickness, surgery, or taking contraceptive pills – Some medicine and the contraceptive pills can cause a delay of the menstrual period, or changes in the bleeding duration. In some rare cases there can be a complete termination of the menstrual periods. Irregular menstrual period can lead to a more serious disease, chronic disease or a surgery.
- Breastfeeding – Or otherwise known as high levels of prolactin. The abnormal high levels of prolactin in the organism can lead to irregular menstrual periods or an absence of bleeding during them. A lot of breastfeeding moms have irregular menstrual periods until they stop breastfeeding.