Whatever came in, must go out, and in the baby’s world that has a specific meaning. It will seem to you that the baby poops, pees and vomits more than it eats and you’ll wonder whether there are any nutrients left in his body.
If you are breastfeeding, there will be no poop until your milk is not fully assimilated (between two and five days). While in hospital, doctors will control the production, but when you’re at home, five or more diapers will be the norm for two or three days. This number will increase. If the baby’s peeing isn’t becoming abundant, consult a pediatrician. In the era of super absorbent diapers it’s not easy to tell when they are actually wet. Our best advice is to know the texture of diapers when they are dry and when they are wet. By absorbing urine, the diaper becomes heavier. If you’re still not sure, then smell it at the front of the leg to see if you feel the unmistakable smell of urine.
No doubt you have heard that breast-fed children poop abundantly and watery after each feeding, but this is just during the first week. Immediately after that babies produce dense stools which are called meconium (this can happen in the hospital, so you may not see it). Then, when the mother’s milk or formula will begin to pass through the system, the stool becomes brown. Babies who are fed with formula will continue to poop so (although the stool can become firmer and the color may vary), meanwhile breast-fed children will continue to have rare and yellow stool. You will be obsessed with the question of how often you should expect your baby to poop. Many babies who are breastfed poop after each meal. But it’s not a rule for all such children.
Constipation is a rare thing in babies. As long as the stool is soft, your baby is normal. As you probably already know, iron shouldn’t be too high in adults. It’s not the same for babies. Formulas with a lot of iron are essential for brain development of the baby and they don’t cause constipation. Neither do supplements with iron prescribed by the pediatrician to babies who are breast-fed.
A lot of babies vomit 10-12 times a day. Sometimes they have a volcanic eruption, and sometimes a little leaking from their mouth. The most common cause of vomiting is that the muscles of the digestive tract between the stomach and esophagus aren’t completely formed (they are loose, but will gradually strengthen till six months). Most babies don’t mind vomiting and waste less food than you think – usually about one tablespoon. Keep on hand enough towels and clothes for changing quickly, especially if you go out somewhere.
To reduce vomiting, try the following tips:
- Feed him less, but often
- Do not force him to finish the dish, if he’s full!
- After feeding, hold your baby upright for some time
- He should burp often
- If you feed him with formula, talk to the pediatrician for one that is easier to digest
Sometimes vomiting requires medical assistance. If the baby is very irritating and is very prone to vomiting, he may have a problem with the return of food, which can be solved with medication. But if the vomiting is intense and the baby has diarrhea, bloated stomach and isn’t gaining the appropriate weight, it may have an allergy to milk, so consult a doctor. If your baby vomits blood, it’s a sign of infection, and yellow-green mucus indicates a blockage, so if you see something like that, immediately call a doctor.