Vitamin B12 is an essential vitamin with origins of the vitamin family called “B complex”. This vitamin takes part in a lot of processes in our body, which makes it the biggest and most complex vitamin in its chemical point of view.
Why do we need Vitamin B12?
Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin is a vitamin that can be dissolved in water. It is necessary for the development and the maintenance of a health nerve system, creating of DNA, and creation of new red blood cells. Vitamin B12 deficiency may lead to a state otherwise known as megaloblastic anemia.
Compared to other vitamins, vitamin B12 can be stored in our organism, or to be more specific it can be stored in our liver, and used a year later. That’s why vitamin B12 deficiency happens really rare. Other vitamins must be consumed on daily basis.
Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms
Vitamins B12 deficiency occurs when our body does not have the needed levels of this vitamin, or it might occur when it cannot be absorbed from the liver. A lot of people older than 50 years cannot properly absorb this vitamin and that’s why doctors recommend this vitamin to be taken as food supplement.
Other risky groups are the vegetarians. The reason behind it is because meat is the major source of this vitamin. Vegans are the riskiest group of all because they do not consume anything that comes from animals. Not even milk. Babies whose mothers are vegetarians might suffer from vitamin B12 deficiency.
Alcoholics are among the risky groups and they should be paying attention to the alcohol quantity they consume.
Vitamin B12 deficiency happens rare so the symptoms can be spotted as they become more intense.
These are some of the Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms:
- Weakness, tiredness, lack of energy or dizziness
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Concentration problems
- Increased heart rate, rapid breathing
- Tongue inflammation or gum bleeding
- White or yellowish skin
If this condition of Vitamin B12 deficiency does not get a proper treatment it might lead to nerve damage and it might cause symptoms such as:
- Balance loss
- Confusion, serious memory problems
- Numbness or tingling of the hands and feet
Recommended daily dosage of Vitamin B12
These are the recommended daily dosages of vitamin B12 varying by age:
- Newborns (0 – 6 months) – 0,4 μg
- Newborns (7 – 12 months) – 0,5 μg
- Kids (1 – 3 years) – 0,9 μg
- Kids (4 – 8 years) – 1,2 μg
- Kids (9 – 13 years) – 1,8 μg
- Adolescents and adults (14+ years) – 2,4 μg
- Pregnant women – 2,6 μg
- Breastfeeding women – 2,8μg